Expertise > Themes
Social Issues
Social Issues

Social issues are matters which directly or indirectly affect many or all members of a society.

Social issues include but are not limited to human and civil rights, public order, education, health, employment creation, poverty, violence, pollution, justice and environment. They frequently form the basis of research, either as a single issue alone or in combination with other issues, conditions, situations, developing policies and so on.

Over the years, KA has worked on many research projects on these issues. Please send a request to KA to learn its approach for your specific research needs on social issues.

Family Life
Family Life

Family denotes a group of people affiliated by consanguinity, affinity, and co-residence.

The most common form of this family is regularly referred to as a ‘nuclear family’. Typically in the western world, the nuclear family forms the core habitation unit. Other members of family and kin do not share habitation or domicile. Beyond the western world, the typical family includes the ‘extended family’, denoting a situation where more distant members of family or kin, such as parents, in-laws, siblings, grand parents, aunts-uncles, and other relatives share a household.

The issue of family and family life is directly related and linked to ‘family law’. Another issue directly linked to family and family life is the concept of ‘family values’, a political and social concept used in various cultures to describe values that are believed to be traditional in that culture and in support of the idea that such families are the basic units of culture. Another more liberal use of the term is to it to support such values as family planning, affordable child care, and maternity leave.

Over the years, KA has worked on many research projects on these issues. Please send a request to KA to learn its approach for your specific research needs on Family Life.

Economics
Economics

Economics is the social science that studies the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services. The term economics comes from the Ancient Greek for oikos (’house’) and nomos (’custom’ or ’law’), hence ’rules of the house(hold)’. Economic analysis is applied throughout society, in business and finance but also in education, family, health, law, politics, religion and social institutions.

Economics- the power of wealth and money- controls much of human activity. Directly related to economics are issues of markets, trade, capital, international finance, globalization, poverty and development, international trade, industry, employment, and many others.

The historical origins of Home Economics place it in the context of the home and household, and this has extended in the 21st century to include the wider living environments as we better understand that capacities, choices and priorities of individuals and families have an impact at all levels, ranging from the household, to the local and also the global (glocal) community. Economists are concerned with the empowerment and wellbeing of individuals, families and communities, and of facilitating the development of attributes for lifelong learning for paid, unpaid and voluntary work; and living situations.(www.ifhe.org)

Home Economics professionals were instrumental to instituting the 1994 International Year of the Family which has centered ‘family’ as a political issue and impacted family life in many countries of the world.

The content from which studies of Economic Conditions and Household Economics economics draw is dependent upon the context, but may include: food, nutrition and health; textiles and clothing; shelter and housing; consumerism and consumer science; household management; design and technology; food science and hospitality; human development and family studies; education and community services and much more.

One of the prime organizations working in the field of Home Economics is the International Federation for Home Economics (IFHE), an International Non Governmental Organization (INGO), with consultative status at the United Nations (ECOSOC, FAO, UNESCO, UNICEF) and with Council of Europe.

Over the years, KA has worked on many research projects on these issues. Please send a request to KA to learn its approach for your specific research needs on Home Economics.

Food, Agriculture, Food Crisis
Food, Agriculture, Food Crisis

Food forms one of the bases of life. Without food it becomes impossible to produce the energy for movement and continuation of life. As such ‘food’ and its availability is considered a human right. The right to food is a binding obligation well-established under international law, recognised in the Universal Declaration on Human Rights and The International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, as well as a plethora of other instruments. The right to food has also been recognised in numerous national constitutions. The right to food has been well defined in the General Comment No. 12 of the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. This defines the right to food as:

‘The right of every man, woman and child alone and in community with others to have physical and economic access at all times to adequate food or means for its procurement in ways consistent with human dignity.’ (www.righttofood.org/new/html/WhatRighttofood.html)

The right to food came to center stage in the 1990s, particularly with the advent of the World Food Summit (WFS) held in Rome in 1996. The ‘eradication of extreme poverty and hunger’ was also established as the first of the eight Millenium Development Goals (MDG), defined in the Millennium Declaration, signed by 147 heads of state and governments during the UN Millennium Summit in September 2000. The continued and pressing importance of this issue is noted on a frequent basis. One recent example is the fact that Global Food Security formed one of the main issues discussed by the G8 Leaders in July 2008.

Food and the availability of food is directly related to the issue of agriculture. Industrial farming, variable quality of a harvest due to environmental or natural conditions, unjust terms of trade and the rush for biofuels are just some of the issues resulting in the rise in the price of food and the global food security problem. Other main themes associated with agriculture include traditional and alternative farming practices and systems, nutrition or the quality of agriculture and food products; bio-technology, health and ethics; plant production and protection which would include crops and crop management, fertilizers, irrigation, pest control and pesticides; various agricultural, rural and food based legislation; and issues such as agroindustry, economic development policies and so on.

One of the prime organizations working in the field of Food and Agriculture is the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (UN FAO) and the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).

Over the years, KA has worked on many research projects on these issues. Please send a request to KA to learn its approach for your specific research needs on Food, Food Crisis and Agriculture.

The Environment, Climate Change, Global Warming
The Environment, Climate Change, Global Warming

Environment (or natural environment) is a terminology that is comprises of all living and non-living things that occur naturally on Earth or some region thereof.

Environmentalism is a broad political, social, and philosophical movement that advocates various actions and policies in the interest of protecting what nature remains in the natural environment, or restoring or expanding the role of nature in this environment.

A list of environmental issues includes; climate change and global warming; conservation, which includes genetic erosion, species extinction, habitat destruction, and whaling; environmental impact of dams; energy issues, such as energy conservation, alternative energy and renewable energy; land and soil conservation and degradation; nuclear issues; overpopulation; air, light, noise pollution; water pollution, including acid rain, ocean dumping or oil spills; the effect of toxins, such as chlorofluorocarbons, DDT, herbicides, pesticides and toxic waste on natural environments; and the urban sprawl.

Environmental issues have frequently crept into daily consciousness in the shape of crises and disasters, as well as solutions or successes. Since the 1980s, with the advent of events such the Chernobyl nuclear reactor disaster in Ukraine and the burning of the oil wells during the First Gulf War, environmental issues have been taken much more seriously. Climate change and global warming is the most recent crisis to have emerged as an issue with political implications.

Positive steps are being taken, leading to situations such as former US Vice-President Al Gore and the United Nations sponsored Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) being honored with the Nobel Peace Prize for ‘their efforts to build up and disseminate greater knowledge about man-made climate change’ in October 2007.

Prime organizations working on environmental issues and the preservation of the natural environment include the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP), WWF and Green Peace.

Over the years, KA has worked on many research projects on these issues. Please send a request to KA to learn its approach for your specific research needs on Environment, Climate Change, and Global Warming.

Work, Labor Force, Working Conditions
Work, Labor Force, Working Conditions

The field of work and working conditions is very much on public agendas today.

In essence, it is encapsulated by the notion of ‘decent work’. This notion includes, the aspiration to be productive and recieve a fair income, have security in the workplace and the family, work in an environment which is free of discrimination and cares for gender equality, fair labor laws which consider the rights and needs of the worker as well as the employer and having social security.

Prime organizations working in the field of work and working conditions are the International Labor Organization and The World Bank.

Over the years, KA has worked on many research projects on these issues. Please send a request to KA to learn its approach for your specific research needs on Work, Labor Force, and Working Conditions.

Health
Health

Health is a state of physical, mental and social well-being. It involves more than just the absence of disease or infirmity.

One of the prime organizations working in the field of Health is the World Health Organization (WHO). Some of the major health related issues today directly involve ‘physical’ health, such as work conducted on illnesses like cancer or issues like hygiene, aging and disabilities. The current importance placed on the latter issue is evidenced by the ratification of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) on the April 3rd 2007.

More often, the issue of health today is directly linked to other major themes and issues such as ‘Gender and Health’, which typically focuses on the health problems faced by women due to powerful societal barriers such as poverty, unequal power relationships between men and women, and lack of education which prevent millions of women worldwide from having access to health care and from attaining — and maintaining — the best possible health. Other issues include ‘Children’s Health’, which focuses more specifically on the needs of children such as children’s mental wellbeing, malnutrition or vaccinations; ‘Health and Development’, which is concerned with the impact of better health on development and poverty reduction, and conversely, with the impact of development policies on the achievement of health policies and goals; ‘Health and the Environment’, which includes services ranging from climate regulation to provision/ replenishment of air, water, food and energy sources, and general healthy living and working environments; and ‘Ethics and Health’, regarding a wide range of global bioethics topics, from organ and tissue transplantation to developments in genomics, and from research with human beings to fair access to health services.

Recent times have also seen a number of sudden health issues which cause short term panic and anxiety, such as Mad Cow Disease, which was a ‘hot’ topic during the 1990s and the Avian Influenza which was a very commonly discussed issue between 2000s.

Over the years, KA has worked on many research projects on these issues. Please send a request to KA to learn its approach for your specific research needs on Health.

Life Style
Life Style

The term ‘Life Style’ was originally coined by Austrian psychologist Alfred Adler in 1929. A lifestyle is a characteristic bundle of behaviors that makes sense to both others and oneself in a given time and place, including social relations, consumption, entertainment, sporting, and dress. The behaviors and practices within lifestyles are a mixture of habits, conventional ways of doing things, and reasoned actions. A lifestyle typically also reflects an individual's attitudes, values and worldview.

Life Style can be looked upon on an individual basis; and also on a group, community, national, regional or international level. The concept of a lifestyle can turn into an image or style, whether superficial, cliche, or true, that springs to mind when a certain place, object, person is named.

Lifestyles are often a business target. Advertisers, marketers or producers endeavor to target and match consumer aspirations with their products or services, or to create aspirations relevant to new products. As such, patterns of belief and action characteristic of lifestyles are directed towards expenditure and consumption.

Over the years, KA has worked on many research projects related to determining or tracking lifestyle trends in different countries and regions. Please send a request to KA to learn its approach for your specific research needs on Lifestyles and targeting or matching consumer aspirations with specific products and services.

Urban and Rural Life
Urban and Rural Life

Urban life is concerned with the culture of living in cities. That is, life in an area with an increased density of human-created structures, such as buidlings and roads in comparison to the areas surrounding it. Issues related to urban life include problems linked to urbanization, such as housing, city planning, sanitation, urban decay, traffic, pollution, large shopping centers, commercial and business life.

A ‘rural area’ is typically defined as a direct contrast to areas that are urban. Rural life today can often be a much desired state of mind. Many living in urban areas dream of vacation in the silence of the countryside, where they can be surrounded by nature, greenery, clean air, animals, organic vegetables and a healthy way of life. Reality however indicates that urbanization is very much a trend throughout the world. Due to increasing difficulties, lack of investment in agriculture or rural development and the dream of employment, modernity and commercial goods high rates of migration from rural areas to the cities can be seen throughout the world. Issues related to rural life include conservation, maintenance, development and improvement of rural areas, as well as agriculture and farming.

Over the years, KA has worked on many research projects on these issues. Please send a request to KA to learn its approach for your specific research needs on Urban and Rural Life and Issues.

Youth, Young Adults
Youth, Young Adults

Around the world the terms ‘youth’, ’adolescent, ‘teenager’, and ‘young person’ are freely interchanged, often meaning the same thing, and occasionally differentiated. Youth generally refers to a time of life that is neither childhood, nor adulthood, but rather, somewhere in between.

According to the World Bank ‘youth’ is the ‘Time in a person's life between childhood and adulthood. The term "youth" in general refers to those who are between the ages of 15 to 25’. (http://youthink.worldbank.org/glossary.php#yyy)

Similarly, the United Nations defines ‘youth’, as those persons between the ages of 15 and 24 years.

Based on UN statistics, approximately one billion youth live in the world today. This means that approximately one person in five is between the age of 15 and 24 years, or 18% of the world’s population are ’youth’. The majority (almost 85%) of the world’s youth live in developing countries, with approximately 60 percent in Asia alone. A remaining 23 percent live in the developing regions of Africa, and Latin America and the Caribbean.(http://www.un.org/esa/socdev/unyin/qanda.htm)

‘Youth’ as a subject or issue has been very much in the spotlight since the 1990s. This is clearly reflected in the many UN Conventions, Covenants and Recommendations containing articles or issues specific to youth. Some of these include, United Nations Rules for the Protection of Juveniles Deprived of their Liberty (1990), United Nations Guidelines for the Prevention of Juvenile Delinquency (The Riyadh Guidelines) (1990), The Rio Declaration on the Environment and Development and Agenda 21 (1992), The Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action (1993), Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development (1994), World Programme of Action for Youth to the Year 2000 and Beyond (1995), Platform for Action of the Fourth World Conference on Women (1995), Braga Youth Action Plan (1998), Lisbon Declaration on Youth Policies and Programmes (1998), ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work (1998), Special Session on Social Development (Copenhagen+5), Geneva (2000) and Dakar Youth Empowerment Strategy (2001).

Over the years, KA has worked on many research projects on these issues. Please send a request to KA to learn its approach for your specific research needs on Youth and Young Adults.

Children, Childhood
Children, Childhood

A child is a young human being between birth and puberty; a boy or girl.

Article 1 of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child defines a child as ‘every human being below the age of eighteen years unless under the law applicable to the child, majority is attained earlier’. ( Convention on the Rights of the Child. Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights. Ratified by 192 of 194 member countries)

Issues affecting a child or childhood range from issues which target children’s interests such as development in toys, children’s literature or cartoons to daily issues such as the idea of ‘play’ and ‘playing’ in different cultures and settings, experiences in the family unit, children’s education and leisure time or childhood in different cultures or social, political, environmental conditions through into serious and sensitive issues such as child labor, child marriage, children in detention, and homeless children.

Over the years, KA has worked on many research projects on these issues. Please send a request to KA to learn its approach for your specific research needs on Children and Childhood.

Gender, Men and Women in Society
Gender, Men and Women in Society

Gender refers to the socially constructed roles, behavior, activities and attributes that a particular society considers appropriate for men and women. The distinct roles and behavior may give rise to gender inequalities, i.e. differences between men and women that systematically favor one group in different part of the world.

Gender Mainstreaming involves ensuring that gender perspectives and attention to the goal of gender equality are central to all activities - policy development, research, advocacy, dialogue, legislation, resource allocation, and planning, implementation and monitoring of programs and projects.

One of the prime organizations working on issues of gender and gender equality is UNIFEM.

Over the years, KA has worked on many research projects on these issues. Please send a request to KA to learn its approach for your specific research needs on Gender Issues, Men and Women in Society.

Media and Communication
Media and Communication

In communication, media are the storage and transmission tools used to store and deliver information or data. It is often referred to as synonymous with mass media or news media, but may refer to a single medium used to communicate any data for any purpose.

Mass media is a term used to denote a section of the media specifically envisioned and designed to reach a very large audience such as the population of a nation state. It was coined in the 1920s with the advent of nationwide radio networks, mass-circulation newspapers and magazines.

Today mass media refers to a wide spectrum of tools offering information previously not so easily available to all people. These tools are the television, including cable and satellite TV, radio, newspapers, magazines, mobile phones as well as the internet, which in fact includes all the previous forms of media and adds others, such as blogs, internet forums, podcasts, and personal web pages.

Other issues such as journalism, citizen journalism and video games also need to be considered under the broad theme of media.

Mass media can be used for various purposes: Advocacy, both for business and social concerns. This can include advertising, marketing, public relations, politics, communication, education, entertainment, and public service announcements.

KA Research Group has a very strong committment to undertaking research in the field of media and communication. Over the years, KA has worked on many research projects on these issues. Please send a request to KA to learn its approach for your specific research needs on Media, and Information Gathering Habits

National, Regional and International Issues
National, Regional and International Issues

There are various issues which affect all the nations in the world. Some of these issues include national economics, civil rights, education, culture, tourism, energy, government, and many others.

Some issues, such as reforming the education system, reforming social security laws, sewage maintenance, or preservation of a specific wild life area are purely national issues; Debate and deliberation on these issues solely affect the people and institutions of a particular country.

Other issues, on the other hand, are international by nature and immediately affect a number of countries, regions or the whole world. For example, lifesaving vaccines, major natural disasters, developments in modern technology, conflicts, international migration, global energy and the financial crisis.

The national, regional and international issues affect the internal developments and conditions within countries, therefore a tool needs to be maintained on their emergence, prospects or effects on the population. The best means of maintaining this tool is through reliable, sciencific and timely research.

KA Research Group has a very strong committment to undertaking research in the field of national, regional, international issues; and has worked on many research projects, opinion polls, flash polls on several issues in all corners of the globe. Please send a request to KA to learn its approach for your specific research needs.

Religion
Religion

A religion is a set of tenets and practices, often centered upon specific supernatural and moral claims about reality, the cosmos, and human nature, and often codified as prayer, ritual, or religious law. Religion also encompasses ancestral or cultural traditions, writings, history, and mythology, as well as personal faith and religious experience.

Religion forms one of the strongest influences on the behavior or reactions of people to situations affecting morality and behavior on a daily basis. As such, religions are capable of bonding a community together or acting as a source of conflict and dispute.

In today’s world, we see both the bonds formed by common religious sentiment and the conflicts or disagreements, wars and atrocities committed to protect one religion or religious group or denomination from another, or in the name of religion in general. These bonds and conflicts affect and shape our everyday lives.

Over the years, KA has worked on many research projects related to the issues of religion, both in conflicts caused by religion, and the peace and tolerance brought by religion in various regions of the world. Please send a request to KA to learn its approach for your specific research needs on religion and its followers.

Conflict, Conflict Resolution
Conflict, Conflict Resolution

Conflict is a state of discord caused by the actual or perceived opposition of needs, values and interests.

The term ‘conflict resolution’ refers to a range of processes aimed at alleviating or eliminating sources of conflict. Processes of conflict resolution generally include negotiation, mediation and diplomacy.

Not a day goes by where the news of a conflict or an attempt at resolving some form of conflict is not announced on the news. Daily information is given on interventions and mediations by prominent individuals, governments, reputable organizations and so forth in order to negotiate calm, peace, tolerance or understanding between grounds, communities, country and so on.

Over the years, KA has worked on many research projects in conflict zones, countries and regions, about assessing conflict issues and resolutions for conflicts. Please send a request to KA to learn its approach for your specific research needs on issues on conflict and conflict resolution.

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